Basic Transformer Construction – Parts of Single Phase Transformer

Question: Describe the basic construction and parts of a Transformer?

The basic construction of transformer involves two coils of wire that are wrapped around a ferromagnetic core.

The figure below shows a transformer cut in half and showing its core and windings:

transformer cut

Note that the transformer has two windings namely:

  1. Primary windings
  2. Secondary windings

And a core. Note that the core of transformer is laminated (made of thin sheets) in order to reduce Eddy current losses.

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