Electrical Engineering Formulas: Demand Factor

Demand factor is the ratio between maximum demand to the connected load on a power system.

The mathematical formula for Demand factor (DF) is:

DF = Maximum Demand/Connected load


Example: A power station has 5 MW load connected to it. While the maximum demand is 3 MW. Find the D.F.

Solution: DF = 3 MW/5 MW = 0.6

The demand factor is always smaller than 1 because the maximum demand on a station is always smaller than connected load.

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