# Basic Electrical Engineering MCQs Part 22

Basic Electrical Engineering MCQs Part 22

Contents

## Two electric bulbs have tungsten filament of same length. If one of them gives 50 W and other one 100 W, then which of following is correct

Two electric bulbs have tungsten filament of same length. If one of them gives 50 W and other one 100 W, then which of following is correct:

1. 50 W has thicker filament
2. 100 W has thicker filament
3. Both have filaments of same thickness
4. Insufficient information

Correct answer: 2. 100 W has thicker filament

Solution:

From formula:

R = ρl/a

The filament of bulb having low resistance is thicked. Sice l is constant in both cases. The 100 W bulb has less resistance as compared to 50 W.  Hence, 100 W has thicker filament.

## A constant voltage is applied between two ends of uniform metallic wire. Some heat is developed. If both length and radius of wire are halved, heat developed in same duration is

A constant voltage is applied between two ends of uniform metallic wire. Some heat is developed. If both length and radius of wire are halved, heat developed in same duration is:

1. Twice
2. Same
3. Half
4. One-fourth

## Appliances based on heating effect of current work on

Appliances based on heating effect of current work on:

1. AC only
2. DC only
3. Both of these
4. None of these

Correct answer: 3. Both of these

Explanation: The heating effect of current is independent of the direction of current. Therefore heating appliances can be used on AC as well as on DC.

## An electric kettle boils 1 kg of water in time t1 and another boils same amount of water in t2. When they are joined in series, the time t required to boil 1 kg of water

An electric kettle boils 1 kg of water in time t1 and another boils same amount of water in t2. When they are joined in series, the time t required to boil 1 kg of water:

1. t1
2. t2
3. t1 + t2
4. (t1*t2)/t1+t2

Correct answer: 3. t1 + t2

Explanation:

When heaters are connected in series, the total power P is mathematically written in the form:

P = P1P2/(P1 + p2)

If Q is heat required to boil 1 kg of water, then

Q = P1t1 = P2t2 = Pt

Q/t = {(Q/t1) * (Q/t2)} / {Q/t1 + Q/t2} = Q/(t1 + t2)

t = t1 + t2

## The current in 1000 W, 250 V heater operated at 250 V

The current in 1000 W, 250 V heater operated at 250 V:

1. 1 A
2. 2 A
3. 3 A
4. 4 A