Filters in Electrical and Electronics Engineering Handbook

FILTERS IN Electrical and Electronics Engineering is useful short reference handbook for Electrical, Electronics, and Instrumentation professionals.

What you will learn:

  1. What is a filter?
  2. Low-pass filters
  3. High-pass filters
  4. Band-pass filters
  5. Band-stop filters
  6. Resonant filters
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What is a filter?

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively filtering one frequency or range of frequencies out of a mix of different frequencies in a circuit. A circuit designed to perform this frequency selection is called a filter circuit, or simply a filter. A common need for filter circuits is in high-performance stereo systems, where certain ranges of audio frequencies need to be amplified or suppressed for best sound quality and power efficiency. You may be familiar with equalizers, which allow the amplitudes of several frequency ranges to be adjusted to suit the listener’s taste and acoustic properties of the listening area. You may also be familiar with crossover networks, which block certain ranges of frequencies from reaching speakers. A tweeter (high-frequency speaker) is inefficient at reproducing low-frequency signals such as drum beats, so a crossover circuit is connected between the tweeter and the stereo’s output terminals to block low-frequency signals, only passing high-frequency signals to the speaker’s connection terminals.

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