Most Important Power System Protection MCQs

Electrical Engineering XYZ presents most important power system protection MCQs on important topics including fuses, relays, circuit breakers, machines, motors, transformers, alternator, grounding and protection schemes. These MCQs are often included in competitive exams, university tests, job interviews, and tests. Let’s start learning:

a. An overcurrent relay having a current setting of 150% is connected through a 400/5 CT. The pickup value of current is:

  1. 2.5 A
  2. 5 A
  3. 7.5 A
  4. 10 A

Correct answer: 3. 7.5 A

Solution: 5 * 1.5 = 7.5 A

b. The instantaneous relays used for earth fault detection in motors is usually set to _____________:

  1. 50% of the RLA
    50% of the FLA
    20% of the RLA
    20% of the FLA

Correct answer: 4. 20% of the FLA

c. The term effective earthing refers to the earthing which is done through:

  1. Resistance
  2. Reactance
  3. Transformer
  4. None of these

Correct answer: 4. None of these

d. The component which provides a signal to circuit breaker under the fault condition:

  1. Isolator
  2. Fuse
  3. Relay
  4. CT

Correct answer: 3. Relay

e. The correct statement about Buchholz relay

  1. It can only be used with largely sized alternators
  2. It is installed with largely sized transformers which have no conservator tank
  3. It can detect incipient faults
  4. It should never be used with oil immersed transformers

Correct answer: 3. It can detect incipient faults

f. The breaking capacity of the circuit breaker is in _______ and is measured in ________:

  1. R.M.S, kVA
  2. R.M.S, MVA
  3. Peak, kVA
  4. Peak, MVA

Correct answer: 2. R.M.S, MVA

g. Semi-open cartridge type fuse can handle current up to ___________:

  1. 1000 A
  2. 2500 A
  3. 4000 A
  4. 10000 A

Correct answer: 3. 4000 A

h. Interturn faults on an alternator are _________ and are ___________ detectable:

  1. Common, easily
  2. Uncommon, easily
  3. Uncommon, not easily
  4. Common, not easily

Correct answer: 3. Uncommon, not easily

i. Declaration: Ground wires can easily protect the equipment from direct lightning thunders.

X: Ground wires are used to provide protection against traveling waves

  1. X is an application of declaration
  2. Both declaration and X are incorrect
  3. The declaration is correct, X is incorrect
  4. Declaration and X explain the same fact in different words

Correct answer: 3. The declaration is correct, X is incorrect

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